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A/Prof Derya Ozkul, Mature Research Guy, Refugee Research Centre, College or university of Oxford

Increasingly, technologies and methods are being used to streamline asylum procedures. These range from biometric matching machines that examine iris works and finger prints to websites for asylum seekers and asile to chatbots to help people register protection conditions. These tools are designed to make this easier designed for states and agencies to process asylum applications, especially as many systems are currently slowed down because of the COVID-19 pandemic and raising levels of obligated displacement.

Nevertheless they raise a host of human legal rights concerns. Such as privacy concerns, opaque decision-making, and the potential for biases or equipment errors that may lead to discriminatory outcomes. In addition, they pose significant complications to migrants and refugees, who in many cases are already disenfranchised and insecure.

Ozkul’s analysis explores many ways in which fresh technologies can be used to verify details and narratives of migrants, allowing them to quicken their asylum application procedure. It also discusses the ways in which these technologies can create a specific informational space around migrants, and how that they configure their very own subjecthood. Next Foucault, she argues that such algorithms are both local and institutional. For example , eyes scanning algorithms can be seen seeing that an institutional technology, because they require the migrant to a specific terrain in order to be accepted; while suggestion algorithms are industrial and global in their effects, configuring people as buyers.

As a result, they will enact a specific form of hegemonic power more than displaced persons. This is especially true granted the current competition to the underlying part in asylum policy – with some countries offering incentives like the Nansen passport to help in cachette resettling and others impacting restrictive regulations that block the access to area and pressure them back to dangerous and deadly trips.